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Constitutional Government and Democracy in India

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Chapter I : Indian Constitution: History and Philosophy:

Constitution of India: A Brief Introduction, Framing of Constitution: Historical Background

Brief Review of Constitutional Development in India During 1773-1947

  1. Regulating Act of 1773
  2. The Act of Settlement, 1781
  3. The Pitt’s India Act 1784
  1. Charter Act of 1793 & 1813:
  2. The Charter Act of 1853:
  3. The Government of India Act 1858:
  • Indian council Act of 1861:
  • Indian Councils Act, 1892
  1. Morley-Minto Reforms- The Indian councils Act of 1909
  2. Montagu- Chelmsford Report – The Government of India Act 1919:
  3. The Government of India Act, 1935
  • The Cripps Mission
  • The Cabinet Mission, 1946
  • Mountbatten Plan-
  1. The Indian Independence Act, 1947

Constituent Assembly of India: Drafting & Philosophy of Constitution

Preamble of Indian Constitution: as amended in 1976

Salient Features of Constitution

Why Indian Constitution is lengthy

 

Chapter: 2: Fundamental Rights, Fundamental Duties and Direct Principles of State Policy:

Fundamental Rights: Part III of Constitution

Features of Fundamental Rights

Classification of Fundamental Rights

  1. RIGHT TO EQUALITY (ART.14 TO 18)
  2. RIGHT TO FREEDOM: (ART 19-22)
  3. RIGHTS AGAINST EXPLOITATION (ART 23-24)
  4. right to freedom of religion (art.25-28)
  5. CULTURAL AND EDUCATIONAL RIGHTs (Art. 29 – 32)

Fundamental Duties of Citizens: Part IVA of Indian Constitution

Relationship between Fundamental Rights and Fundamental Duties

Directive Principles of State Policy: Part IV of Indian Constitution

Main Features of Directive Principles of State Policy

Classification of Directive Principles of State Policy

Differences between Directive Principles and Fundamental Rights

Importance of Directive Principles of State Policy

 Chapter III :  NATURE OF FEDERALISM, DIVISION OF POWERS, EMERGENCY PROVISIONS, CENTRE-STATE RELATIONS AND THE 5TH AND 6TH SCHEDULE OF THE COSNTITUTION

Nature of Federalism

Salient Features of Federal Governance

Features of Federal Pattern: Indian Constitution

What is Unitary Pattern?  Unitary features in Indian Pattern

Characteristic features of Unitary Government

Merits & Demits of Unitary and Federal Government

Indian Governance: Federal Or Unitary ? Quasi – Federalism

  • Federal Features of the Indian Constitution

(B)Unitary Features of the Indian Constitution

Federalism in India: Mixture of Federalism and Unitarianism: Views of Luminaries

EMERGENCY PROVISIONS OF THE CONSTITUTION: EMERGENCY POWERS OF THE PRESIDENT

National Emergency (ART 352)

State Emergency (ART 356)

Financial Emergency in India or in some Parts (ART 360)

RELATIONS BETWEEN UNION AND STATES

Fifth & Sixth Schedule of Indian Constitution

            Important Provisions of the 5th Schedule

            Features of the 6th Schedule

            Significance of 5th & 6th Schedule

 

Chapter IV:

 (A) MODERN PATTERNS OF STATE & GOVERNANCE

 (B) SEPARATION OF POWERS AND ORGANS OF GOVERNMENT

A)Modern Pattern of State & Governance

Authoritarian Government

Democratic Form of Government

Understanding Democratic Governance

Democratic government, democratic State and democratic society-

What are the Pre-requisites of Democratic Government?

Unitary & Federal Governance

PARLIAMENTARY AND PRESIDENTIAL FORM OF GOVERNMENT

B)SEPARATION OF POWERS AND ORGANS OF GOVERNMENT

What is Separation of Powers?

Montesquieu’s Contribution to the Theory of Separation of Powers

            Features of The Theory of Separation of Powers

Criticisms of the Theory of Separation of Powers

Significance of the Theory of Separation of Powers

Status of Separation of Power

Chapter V: ORGANS OF GOVERNMENT

  1. Executive Branch of Government

            Executive: Definition, Meaning & Kinds

Tenure of Executive

Powers and Functions of the Executive

Executive and Delegated Legislation

II.EXECUTIVE IN INDIA

President of India – Role, Powers and Functions

Vice – President of India – Role, Powers and Functions

Cabinet (Prime Minister & Council of Ministers) – Role , Power & Function

 III.LEGISLATURE

 History of Legislature

Role, Power and Functions of Legislature (Parliament)

Unicameral & Bicameral Legislation

Composition of Legislature

Chapter VI : ORGANS OF GOVERNMENT:

THE JUDICIARY

Meaning, Role, Functions of Judiciary and Its Importance

Independence or freedom of Judiciary: An Essential Quality

Security of Tenure, Salary & Allowance of the Judges of Supreme Court & High Court

Powers and Jurisdiction of Supreme Court:

No discussion on Conduct of Judge in State Legislature in Parliament:

Power to Punish for Contempt:

Separation of the Judiciary from the Executive

Relation between Judiciary and Executive

Judicial Review: A specialized Feature

Rule of Law & Rule of Law in India

Judiciary in India:

            Supreme Court : Appointment, Tenure, Power & Function

High Court : Jurisdiction

Judicial Activism

Public Interest Litigation

CHAPTER VII: DECENTRALISATION & LOCAL GOVERNMENT

Democratic Decentralization: Introduction, Meaning, Evolution & Need

Democratic Decentralisation in India

Role of 73rd and 74th Amendment Act –

Salient Features of the 73rd and 74th Constitution Amendment Acts

Specific Provisions for Tribal and Scheduled Areas

The Provisions of the Panchayats (Extension to the Scheduled Areas) (PESA) Act, 1996

Panchayati Raj Institutions at a Glance

Recommendations of The Balwant Rai Mehta Committee and The Ashok Mehta Committee –

The 73rd and 74th constitutional Amendment Acts

ELEVENTH SCHEDULE (Article 243G)

Urban Local Governments and 74th Amendment 1992

 Salient Features of 73rd & 74th Amendment

Composition & Structure of Panchayats

ROLE, POWERS AND FUNCTIONS OF THREE TIERS OF Panchayati Raj Institution:

1. Village (Gram)  Panchayat:

2. Panchayat Samiti:

3. Zilla Parishad

Weight .310 kg
Dimensions 24 × 18 × 3 cm

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