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    Product Highlights

    2nd Ed. By Dr. P K Pandey for All Undergraduate Programs (B.Com, BA, B.Sc, BBA ….) with 1100+ Solved MCQs

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    Unit 1 :
    The Multidisciplinary nature of environmental studies: Definition, scope
    and importance; Need for public awareness.

    Unit 2 :
    Natural Resources: Renewable and non-renewable resources: Natural
    resources and associated problems-a) Forest Resources: Use and over-exploitation,
    deforestation. Timber extraction, mining, dams and their effects on forests and
    tribal people. b) Water resources: Use and over-utilization of surface and ground
    water, floods, drought, conflicts over water, dams-benefits and problems. c) Mineral
    resources: Use and exploitation, environmental effects of extracting and using
    mineral resources, case studies. d) Food resources: World food problems, changes
    caused by agriculture and overgrazing, effects of modern agriculture, fertilizerpesticide
    problems, water logging, and salinity. e) Energy resources: Growing energy
    needs, renewable and non-renewable energy sources, use of alternate energy
    sources. f) Lance resources: Land as a resources, land degradation, man-induced
    landslides, soil erosion and desertification; Role of an individual in conservation of
    natural resources; Equitable use of resources for sustainable lifestyles.

    Unit 3:
    Ecosystems: Concept of an ecosystem; Structure and function of an
    ecosystem; Producers, consumers and decomposers; Energy flow in the ecosystem;
    Ecological succession; Food chains, food webs and ecological pyramids;
    Introduction, types, characteristics features, structure and function of the following
    ecosystem: a. Forest ecosystem b. Grassland ecosystem c. Desert ecosystem d.
    Aquatic ecosystems (ponds, streams, lakes, rivers, oceans, estuaries)

    Unit 4:
    Biodiversity and its conservation: Introduction – Definition: genetic, species
    and ecosystem diversity; Biogeographically classification of India; Value of
    biodiversity: consumptive use, productive use, social, ethical, aesthetic and option
    values; Hot-spots of biodiversity – India; Threats to biodiversity: habits loss, poaching
    of wildlife, man-wildlife conflicts; Endangered and endemic species; Conservation

    in-situ Ex-situ conservation of biodiversity. STUDIES

    Unit 5:
    Environmental Pollution: Definition, Causes, effects and control measures
    of : a. Air pollution b. Water pollution c. Soil pollution d. Noise pollution e. Thermal
    pollution f. Nuclear hazards; Solid waste Management: Causes, effects and control
    measures of urban and industrial wastes – biodegradable and non biodegradable
    wastes; Role of an individual in prevention of pollution; Disaster Management:
    Floods, earthquake, cyclone and landslides.

    Unit 6:
    Social Issues and the Environment: From Unsustainable to Sustainable
    development; Water conservation, rain water harvesting, watershed management;
    Resettlement and rehabilitation of people, its problems and concerns; Environmental
    ethics; Climate change, global warming, acid rain, ozone layer depletion, unclear
    accidents and holocaust; Wasteland reclamation; Consumerism and waste products;
    Environmental Legislation; Public awareness.

    Unit 7:
    Human Population and the Environment: Population growth, variation
    among nations; Population explosion – Family Welfare Programme; Environment
    and human health and hygiene (including Sanitation and HIV/AIDS) etc.; Role of
    Information Technology in Environment and Human Health.
    Question Bank
    Solved paper 2013
    Solved paper 2014
    Solved paper 2015


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